Seafarers and dock workers are still meeting their deaths while working in enclosed spaces because there is not enough understanding throughout the shipping industry of the risks faced by today’s seafarers.
Dangerous timeframes are imposed for hazardous tasks and safety improvements do not happen because shipping industry investigations encourage a “blame culture,” says ship management trade association InterManager.
The association has carried out a three month-long industry-wide survey, into the problems of enclosed spaces. A large range of vessel operators, managers and crew took part in the survey, with crew from almost 250 ships providing feedback – representing more than 5,000 seafarers.
Key concerns included a perceived lack of improvement in the design of vessels, with not enough consideration given to access areas and the people working in them. As well as being hard to reach, enclosed spaces are frequently impossible to properly ventilate or to measure the atmosphere in, the respondents said.
Unrealistically tight timeframes for cargo hold and tank preparation were likened to “bullying on an industrial scale,” with seafarers calling on ship managers to shield them from unrealistic commercial time pressures.
Seafarers asked for more training, prioritization of management-led safety cultures, and suggested using the “fear factor” to raise awareness of the dangers of working in enclosed spaces. In fact, respondents recommended changing the phrase to “dangerous space” or even “fatal space” to hit the message home.
In addition, the survey revealed a wide-spread belief that a blame culture is deeply rooted within the shipping industry. Respondents felt that the majority of accident investigations stop at finding the “guilty party” and very rarely go further to discover why the accident occurred or what were the reasons for the actions of those killed or injured.
The survey revealed a feeling that accident investigation results are inconsistent, indicating that the absence of a standard investigation format prevents a proper and thorough analysis of accidents and the ready identification of potential improvements.
The survey asked recipients to identify potential solutions to avoid further deaths. Seafarers responding called for clearer identification of hazardous spaces, suggesting access should be restricted by senior management onboard or ashore.
A need was identified for additional training to address lack of awareness and instill safe practices, while some seafarers said they would prefer to only access enclosed spaces while using safety equipment such as Emergency Escape Breathing Devices (EEBDs) or Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCABs). Some respondents believed that technology should be used to help with limiting the requirement for human access in enclosed spaces.
Focusing on vessel design, recipients said that future newbuildings should avoid areas of enclosed space or restrict them to a minimum. In addition, any enclosed spaces should include provisions for:
- adequate ventilation (whole space)
- adequate fixed gas detection systems
- accessibility for humans in order to perform search and rescue operations.
“It is clear that much still needs to be done to address the issues of working in enclosed spaces and to eradicate the risk to life,” said InterManager Secretary General, Captain Kuba Szymanski.: “ No-one should die while carrying out their daily work.”