As ports along the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Seaway System continue to ride the waves of the 2020 shipping season, industry experts see better prospects for the remainder of the season.
According to the latest figures, cargo volumes through the bi-national St. Lawrence Seaway (from April 1 to August 31) totaled about 19.3 million tons, down 8% from a year ago. One bright spot this season has been Canadian grain, up 20% year-over-year through August. Other key cargo segments continue to be impacted negatively by the pandemic, with year-to-date iron ore (down 23%), dry bulk (down 11%), and liquid bulk (down 23%).
“Canadian grain has helped Seaway totals immensely, as well as project cargo which is up over 160% from this time last year, as many U.S. ports receive wind turbine components and other machinery,” said Bruce Burrows, president and CEO of the Chamber of Marine Commerce. “While some key commodities remain down, we are expecting good harvests across the U.S. Mid-west and Canada. The Seaway is poised for a big push of grain exports right up to the end of the year. In these precarious times, this binational transportation corridor will be more essential than ever to the economic recovery of both the United States and Canada.”
At least nine U.S. Great Lakes ports have received wind turbine components this season, destined for energy projects across the region and Midwest. They include the Port of Buffalo which has received five shipments of wind turbine components over the last four months from South Korea and Germany, for the 27 turbine Cassadaga Wind Project south of Buffalo.
“It takes five shipments of turbine components to make one whole turbine,” explains Patricia Schreiber, Port of Buffalo Director. “We don’t expect any more turbine shipments in the near future as the Cassadaga Project is complete for now.”
The Port of Monroe in Michigan has been benefitting from its largest project in its history this season, handling 14 vessels delivering a total of 560 wind turbine segments from Becancour, Quebec for General Electric’s wind energy efforts in the state. The project has helped offset the pandemic-related scarcity of cargoes at the beginning of the season. General Electric has a partnership with Monroe-based Ventower, which has produced several wind energy components for the company. Ventower has long used the port to move its products.
“If there is one word that defines the Port of Monroe during these challenging times it is ‘resilient.’ In the midst of an ever evolving economic and social climate, our team has adapted to new protocols and reinforced longstanding relationships leading to the Port’s most prosperous year in its history,” says Paul LaMarre III, port director. “As the home to one of only four wind tower manufacturers in the U.S., Ventower Industries, the Port has become a regional congregation and distribution hub for GE Wind.”
In July, the Port of Toledo’s tonnage lagged behind 2019 totals by 15%; however, the gap was narrowed in August to 8 percent as the port surpassed 5 million tons for the year. The port welcomed a parade of ocean vessels to Toledo importing and exporting a diverse array of cargo from furnace pieces to liquid fertilizer.
“One vessel imported pig iron and then sailed seven miles up the Maumee River to load soybeans,” said Joseph Cappel, vice president of business development for the Toledo-Lucas County Port Authority. “I believe the grain terminals are poised for a good fall. Anytime we can reload vessels that are already here discharging cargo, it is a logistical home run.”
At the Port of Green Bay, year-to-date cargo is down 19% from a year ago, moving 153,168 tons of cargo in August. For the 2020 shipping season, cement imports are up 22%, foreign salt imports are up 14% and total limestone imports are down 19%.
“While we got off to a strong start this shipping season with some of our best numbers since 2007, July and August have seen a significant slowdown,” said Dean Haen, Port of Green Bay Director. “Most cargos have been impacted as the economy languishes due primarily to the impact of COVID-19 around the world.”
After an early summer surge, maritime tonnage through the Port of Duluth-Superior slowed atypically in August, amidst a tepid recovery from COVID-induced lows.
Total tonnage stood 31% behind the 2019 pace through Aug. 31, driven primarily by sharp declines in coal and iron ore tonnage.
Outbound grain and inbound wind energy cargoes emerged as the season’s first-half highlights. North American wheat shipments pushed grain tonnage 14.5% ahead of the 2019 pace through August. Wind turbine blades, towers and nacelles comprised the breakbulk boost, with Duluth Cargo Connect serving as a multimodal distribution hub to multiple sites in North America’s heartland. Nine ships loaded with wind components visited the Clure Public Marine Terminal through August 31, contributing to what could be a record campaign for the renewable energy cargo.
“If this pandemic-plagued shipping season was a prospector’s pan, there’d be a lot of black sand and only a few golden nuggets,” said Deb DeLuca, executive director of the Duluth Seaway Port Authority. “But even a few golden nuggets are cause for excitement, and we’re certainly pleased to see strong grain numbers and potentially record-setting success with wind cargoes.”