Kvaerner Masa-Yards delivers legend
MS Carnival Legend - the fourth in a series of new Panamax-Max cruise ships - was handed over today to Carnival Corporation at Kvaerner Masa-Yards' Helsinki shipyard.
The series of Panamax-Max ships are being built for both Carnival's Carnival Cruise Lines and Costa Crociere braznds. The first ship in the series, Costa Atlantica, was delivered in June 2000, and the sisterships Carnival Spirit and Carnival Pride in 2001.
Carnival Legend is scheduled to enter service August 21 with a three-day cruise from Harwich, England to Amsterdam followed by a a 12-day Northern European and Baltic voyage round-trip from Harwich, England, and a 15-day transatlantic crossing from Harwich to New York. From New York, Carnival Legend will operate two- and three-day cruises-to-nowhere and 11-day Canada/New England voyages followed by six-day Bermuda cruises from Baltimore and Philadelphia in October. Carnival Legend will then reposition to Fort Lauderdale, Fla., to sail on a two-day cruise-to-nowhere and then operate on eight-day Caribbean cruises from that port beginning early November.
Carnival Legend carries a total of 2,680 passengers (lower beds: 2,124 passengers) in a total of 1,062 staterooms. Maximum crew capacity is 961. Main dimensions are; length overall 292.5 m, maximum breadth 38.8 m (over the bridge wings), breadth at dwl 32.2 m and draft at dwl 7.8 m.
The ships in this series set a new standard for balconied accommodations. To meet the demand for balconied staterooms, a more narrow superstructure was chosen, allowing one more deck with passenger staterooms to be added. In the superstructure most of the staterooms face the sea, and the technical spaces, including the air conditioning machinery, are placed in the center of the ship, behind the passenger corridors.
The percentages of outside passenger staterooms and staterooms with balcony are very high; 80% of all the staterooms are outside staterooms and 70% of all the staterooms have a balcony. All the prefabricated staterooms have been manufactured by Piikkio Works Oy.
In all, Carnival Legend features twelve passenger decks plus four decks below for machinery and crew spaces.
The Atrium stretches over ten decks. The Follies main lounge, which is three decks high, seats 1,170 guests. A new design feature for this "Spirit-class" ships is the location of the secondary lounge/night club, Firebird Lounge, underneath the main lounge. The main restaurant, Truffles Restaurant, is two decks high and seats some 1,300 guests. To achieve this, the galley was positioned below the restaurant using escalators for service. The Golden Fleece is a "steakhouse-style" supper club located at the top of a soaring ten-deck-high atrium and housed under a red-tinted glass dome that forms the forward portion of the Carnival Legend's massive winged stack.
The Unicorn Café behind the main pool area is a casual Lido-area that has a variety of special dining areas. There is a two-level health and fitness center, four swimming pools, one featuring a retractable dome, five whirlpools, a large casino and more than ten themed bars, lounges and public areas for activities and entertainment. In addition there is a shopping area, a wedding chapel, large facilities for children and youngsters. There is also a library, a conference center and a cascading water slide.
The central idea of legendary figures and locations - both historical and mythical - which inspired the design of the public rooms aboard Carnival Legend, represents the latest instalment of what Joe Farcus, Carnival's ship architect, calls "entertainment architecture." The dramatic legendary interiors exist in painting, architecture, and décor throughout Carnival Legend
Carnival Legend has been built by the yard together with a large number of turn-key and other suppliers. Production began in October 2000, and the assembly of the hull begun in the covered newbuilding dock in April 2001. Carnival Legend was launched in December 2001, after which the cruise ship was transferred to the outfitting quay in front of the yard's outfitting terminal. The successful sea trials took place in June this year. Carnival Legend was built in less than two years, which is a short time for this size of a cruise ship.
Carnival Legend has a diesel-electric machinery installation consisting of six Wärtsilä 9L46D diesel engines, with a total power of 62,370 kW, each connected to an alternator producing electricity to the ship's main electric network. The propulsion consists of two azimuthing electric Azipod® propulsion units, with a power of 17.6 MW each. Carnival Legend has three 1.91 MW tunnel thrusters in the bow. The service speed is 22 knots.
In addition to major components, main diesel engines, and auxiliary machinery and equipment, propulsion system, electrical motors, hotel and restaurant equipment, the nearly 1,600 cabins, the following figures give an idea of the magnitude of the construction and outfitting task of a cruise ship of this size; There are some 40,000 light points onboard, some 2000 km (more than 1,200 miles) of cables and 350 km (220 miles) of piping, some 7,000 automation points onboard monitoring all the ships functions and systems, some 4,300 loudspeakers, 2,200 telephones and more than 500,000 electrical connections. The ship is put together from more than 100 large grand blocks, weighing up to 450 tons, which are extensively pre-outfitted. Designing of ships is today completely computer-based, and computer automated manufacturing is applied were practical, as for cutting the steel plates. But drawings are still needed. In building Carnival Legend, more than 6,000 drawings were required.
Carnival Legend - A Green Star
The classification society for the ship is Italy's RINA., and it sails under Panama flag. Carnival Legend fulfils RINA's new Green Star environmental standard, consisting of two voluntary RINA class notations, CLEAN SEA and CLEAN AIR, setting strict requirements on the ship's design and operation, in order to protect the environment and keep the sea and air clean.
After the delivery of Carnival Legend, the Spirit-class cruise ship series continues at the Helsinki shipyard with Costa Mediterranea (NB-502), for Costa Crociere S.p.A., and Carnival Miracle (NB-503).
- Gross tonnage 85,900 (including balconies, approx. 88,500)
- Length o.a.292.5 m
- Breadth, max. 38.8 m
- Breadth, dwl 32.2 m
- Draught, dwl 7.8 m
- Passenger capacity, lower bed 2,124
- Passenger capacity, max.2,680
- Passenger staterooms, total1,062
- Passenger staterooms, outside 849 (80%) - with balconies 750 (70%)
- Crew capacity 961
- Speed, service 22 knots
- Machinery output 62,370 kW
- Propulsion 2 x 17.6 MW Azimuthing rudder propellers
The joint development work of the "Spirit-class" series started in the first half of the 1990´s. The aim was to create a new generation of cruise ships of Panamax-size, meaning that the main dimensions should allow the new ships to go through the Panama Canal. The yard presented it's first concepts for this new series, called "Project 8000", to Carnival in 1994. Joe Farcus, Carnival's well known architect, presented layout sketches of the new design, and the yard worked on fitting them on the lower part of the existing Fantasy-class design, as a common basis for a new Panamax design.
The idea of common platform ships for three different Carnival brands was born. The brands included Carnival Cruise Lines, Holland America Line, and later also the Costa Crociere. For these brands, concepts were developed with similar hull structure, similar machinery arrangement and similar technical spaces. A common technical platform design gives several benefits, such as that of serial production and ease of maintenance. In summer and fall 1997 the layout principles were agreed upon for all three brands.
In early 1998 it was decided that the first ship, Costa Atlantica, should be built for Costa Crociere, for delivery in year 2000, to be followed by Carnival Spirit in spring 2001.
A Green Star
RINA's new Green Star environmental standard, consisting of two voluntary notations, CLEAN SEA and CLEAN AIR, sets strict requirements on the ship's design and operation.
A leading feature of the CLEAN SEA notation is that bunker tanks must be installed over double bottoms, to prevent accidental discharge of oil. Ships must also be fitted with holding tanks for all black and gray water waste, to prevent organic pollution, and must meet the standards set down in the voluntary IMO MARPOL Annex IV. Special requirements ensure garbage is disposed of safely, and ships must not use TBT-based anti-foulings. The CLEAN AIR notation sets limits on SOx and NOx emissions from the engines, and requires compliance with the voluntary standards of Annex VI to Marpol. There is a 3 percent limit on fuel sulfur contentt. RINA also sets requirements for refrigeration gases and their containment in the case of an accident, and sets controls for incineration plants.
Carnival Legend's waste handling systems include two 1,400 kW incinerator, a food waste system, a new food waste handling system with vacuum transportation from feeding stations in all galleys and food preparation areas as well as processing for burning in the incinerators, a recycling and storage system for glass, metal, ash and paper - including a new automatic ash transport and packing process.
Carnival Legend has a very high level of plant redundancy. Plant which has an impact on the safety of the ship has a redundancy built into it in such a way that at least 50 per cent of nominal capacities remains available after any single failure. Some features include:
divided machinery plant into two independent parts. This includes main machinery plant, fuel tanks, electric machinery, auxiliary systems, ventilation, piping, cabling and control and automation, basically from "fuel storage tanks to the propellers".
divided redundant main electric distribution and monitoring between the wheelhouse and control room (on Deck A), and between the two separated high voltage switchboards (on Deck B) and the two separate cyclo-converter rooms (on Deck B).
divided redundant telephone, public addressing, control and alarm systems.
five of the six generators can supply all normal service rating. This arrangement allows for one engine to be out of service for maintenance.
From the safety point of view, Carnival Legend complies with safety standards which are more advanced than those applicable to the date of the actual keel laying. The ship has been built and classified in compliance with not only the existing SOLAS requirements, but also the amendments already approved by the IMO Maritime Safety Committee and known at the moment of the signature of the contract.
The class notations granted by RINA to the ship certify much more than the structure, as they cover key operating systems, including the notations IAQ and IAI relevant to the automation plants, and the notations IWS and TMS relevant to the possibility of performing in-water survey of the hull and monitoring of the control parameters of the tailshafts.
Integrated alarm, monitoring and control system (MAS)
Carnival Legend has an integrated microprocessor-based Machinery Automation monitoring and control System (MAS). The system fulfils the Class requirements for operation with unattended machinery spaces. MAS includes functions like monitoring, alarm and data logging, main diesel start/stop and safety system, power management system, machinery, ballast, fresh water, bilge, fuel, and HVAC control and monitoring systems, ship performance displays and the manoeuvring recorder system.
The navigation system is integrated (STN Atlas NACOS) and has a electronic chart system.
Carnival Legend, Main particulars
Gross tonnage85,900 (including balconies, approx.88,500) Length o.a.292.5 m Length cwl 263.6 m Length pp 260.6 m Breadth, max. 38.8 m Breadth, dwl32.2 m Draught, dwl 7.8 m Draught, scantling8.0 m Passenger capacity, lower bed2,124 Passenger capacity, max.2,680 Passenger staterooms, total1,062
Passenger staterooms, outside849 (80%) - with balconies750 (70%) Crew capacity961 Speed, service22 knots Speed, maximum 24 knots
Classification Society: RINA *100-A-1.1-NavIL; TP with additional notations +IAQ-1, IWS, TMS, CLEAN-SEA, CLEAN-AIR, +AVM-DPS
MachineryDiesel-electric, power station, [email protected] propulsion Machinery output62,370 kW Main engines6 x Wärtsilä 9L46D 6 x 10,395 kW/514 rpm Main generators6 x 14,405 kVA / 60 Hz / 11,000 V, ABB Propulsion2 x 17.6 MW [email protected] Propulsion motors: The brushless synchronous motor, mounted inside the pod of the [email protected] propulsion units have double windings. Max. output power of each motor is 17.6 MW, with a speed range of 0-150 RPM.
PropellersTwo fixed pitch [email protected] propellers Bow thrusters3 x 1,91 MW
Fin stabiliser: Pair of fin stabilisers
Fresh water: Three Fresh Water production plants: 2 x 650 tons/day evaporators and 1 x 200 tons/day FW reverse Osmosis (RO) plant.
Steam plant: - Two (2) oil fired steam boilers. 13000 kg/h at 9 bar each - Six (6) exhaust gas boilers. 2600 kg/h at 9 bar each
Waste Management Plant: Two Dry garbage shredders for the burnable and un-burnable waste (i.e. cartons, wood, plastic, glass and tins). Collected from passenger/crew areas and transported to the Garbage Room at Deck A level. The unsorted waste is fed into two (2) heavy duty high capacity shredders. One Waste Compactor suitable for compacting cardboard, paper and plastic. Three Glass Shredders. The crushed glass (3 colours) is collected in bags or containers and stored on board for later delivery to shoreside reception facilities. One Tin Densifier, capable of compacting ca. 70 kg tin cans per hour. Two Garbage Incinerators; automatic, multi-chamber, semi-pyrolitic marine type, incineration capacity 1,400 kW each.
Tender- and Lifeboats: - 12 partially enclosed lifeboats. Capacity 150 persons each. - 2 semi-rigid man overboard rescue lifeboat. Capacity 6 persons each. Diesel engine/water jet propelled. Speed of 25 knots. - 6 enclosed cruise tender/ lifeboats. Capacity 150 persons each.
Liferafts: 52 inflatable life rafts, capacity each 35 persons.
Elevators: A total of 24 elevators are installed. 12 passenger elevators for 18 persons 3 "panoramic" type elevators in the Atrium for 18 persons 6 crew/service elevators for 12 persons 1 crew/service elevator for 20 persons 2 galley provision elevators for 18 persons/1500 kg