TAX CONFERENCE

The recently enacted "American Jobs Creation Act" gives significant tax breaks to a number of U.S. industries--including shipping.

MARINE LOG and BLANK ROME will present a senior level seminar CHANGES IN U.S. TAXATION OF SHIPPING INCOME in Stamford, Conn. on April 5 & 6, 2004

Make sure you know how the new tax rules work!


Zero emissions car carrier

March 10, 2005

Concept car carrier with zero emissions

Orcelle bow viewWallenius Wilhelmsen has designing a concept car and Ro/RO carrier with a "zero emissions" capability and no ballast water onboard.

Wallenius Wilhelmsen brought together a multidisciplinary team of naval architects, environmental experts and industrial designers under the guidance of naval architect, Per Brinchmann, to work on a visionary design for a car carrier of the future, the E/S Orcelle.

E/S stands for Environmentally sound Ship. The ship is named after the Irrawaddy dolphin known as in French as the Orcelle dolphin. WWF, the global conservation organization, lists the Orcelle dolphin as a critically endangered species.

A scale model of the ship that demonstrates some of the exciting technical ideas produced by the design team will take center stage in the Nordic Pavilion at the forthcoming World Expo 2005, Aichi, Japan.

Orcelle stern view

Intended to provide a vision of what an environmentally-friendly car and RoRo carrier might look like in 2025, the E/S Orcelle concept vessel has been designed so that it will produce no emissions into either the air or sea. It can use renewable energy sources, including the sun, wind and waves, as well as fuel cell technology, to meet all propulsion and onboard power requirements.

The concept ship could carry approximately 10,000 cars--around 50 percent more than today's car carriers - while having a similar weight in tonnage terms. This increased level of efficiency has been achieved through the use of lightweight materials, including aluminium and thermoplastic composites, and also by eliminating the need for ballast water tanks.

Orcelle cross section

The ship would have a maximum deadweight of 13,000 tons, a lightweight of 21,000 tons and have a cargo deck area of 85,000 sq. m on eight cargo decks, three of which would be adjustable to accommodate high and heavy vehicles.

Dimensions would be 250 m length, OA; beam, molded 50 m; height 30-40 m; design draft 9 m.

Maximum speed of the concept ship is 27 knots and service speed 16 knots.

Solar energy is harnessed through photovoltaic panels in the vessel's three sails, which also help propel the vessel using wind power. These sails are manufactured using special lightweight composite materials.

Wave power is utilized through a series of 12 fins that will be able to transform wave energy into hydrogen, electricity or mechanical energy.

The fins double as propulsion units, driven either by wave energy or other renewable energy sources onboard, while the vessel's propulsive power will also be provided by two variable-speed electric propulsion pods.

Around half the energy on the E/S Orcelle will be produced by fuel cells. These cells will combine hydrogen and oxygen to generate the electricity which will be used in the pod propulsion systems and the fins, while also producing electricity for other uses onboard. The only by-products from this process are water vapor and heat.

"By taking advantage of the natural energy sources available at sea, in combination with the hydrogen-powered fuel cells, this car carrier of the future will produce no emissions." says Lena Blomqvist, Vice President, Environment, Wallenius Wilhelmsen. "In our view, renewable energy sources have the potential to provide an abundant supply of energy with minimal environmental impact and at relatively low cost."

Wallenius Wilhelmsen proposes to completely eliminate the need to take on, and release, ballast water, by using an innovative pentamaran hull-- featuring a long and slender main hull and four supporting sponsons--as well as by a pod-type electric propulsion system that dispenses with the traditional stern propeller and rudder arrangement.

Wallenius Wilhelmsen views the E/S Orcelle project as the start of a longer term program that it hopes will be matched by other leading shipping companies.

Nils P Dyvik, CEO, Wallenius Wilhelmsen says, "We believe that the shipping industry as a whole must put more effort into developing sustainable deep sea transportation solutions. Wallenius Wilhelmsen is determined to be at the forefront of these efforts as our three year sponsorship of WWF-International to help protect and preserve marine life on the High Seas demonstrates."

The company has no immediate plans to build a prototype of the E/S Orcelle. However, it says it will continue to work with others to develop the technologies embodied within the concept design, so that they do become practical options for car carrier newbuildings within the next 20 years.

Wallenius Wilhelmsen is jointly owned by Wallenius Lines of Sweden and Wilh. Wilhelmsen of Norway. The company has around 60 modern vessels, carries 1.7 million vehicles by sea and 1.5 million by road

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